Introduction Studies at the Faculty of Science

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Studies at the Faculty of Science

Introduction

 

The International Master in Sustainable Fisheries Management is developed on a full-time basis over two academic years [120 credits, in accordance with the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS)].

 October 2017 – Junio 2018

Septiembre 2018 – Junio 2019

 

Fishery resources are an excellent food source as well as a driver of job creation in the coastal areas.

According to the FAO, supply of fish for food from both capture fisheries (marine and inland) and aquaculture currently provides over 15% of the total supply of animal protein. Furthermore, international trade of seafood products has reached a new record level with an annual growth rate of 5% over the last decade. These statistics are in fact a cause for concern, considering the increase in fishing pressure on more overexploited and depleted stocks and on recovering fishery resources.

Important changes have come about in recent times in the fishing sector, including:

  1. Growing demand and high fish prices, stimulating the fishing effort;
  2. Global technological progress affecting the structure of the fleets as well as their fishing capacity;
  3. Protection of the environment, which, as in other sectors has become a priority; and
  4. The growing importance of the international scope of fisheries.

 The exploitation and management of fisheries has not been oriented towards the sustainability of resources until recent times and with very few exceptions. However, today a new more flexible type of management is needed, that can respond to the evolution of fishing resources and ensure stable and sustainable exploitation in the long term.

 In order to have access to and interpret the data behind fisheries management experts with multidisciplinary training are needed, to provide the wide-ranging perspectives of biology, economics, sociology or law, and that are capable of valuating and evaluating fishery resources and proposing management measures using different techniques such as mathematical simulations, statistics, surveys, evaluations or negotiation.

Therefore, it is of utmost importance to train experts that can advise a wide range of stakeholders in the fishing world: administrations (local, regional or state level), fishermen (artisanal or semi-industrial), different social groups (ship owners, unions, consumers, processors, fish-farmers, etc.)

Furthermore, given the international context of the marine environment, a common methodology and language must be established among the experts of the different countries sharing fisheries.

These are undoubtedly the great challenges for which this Master in Sustainable Fisheries has been offering solutions since 2004.

 

"International Master programme on Sustainable Fisheries Management"

Bernardo Basurco, Ramón Franquesa & José L. Sánchez Lizaso

September 2015.

Article published in the journal MEDITERRÁNEA of the University of Alicante.